Attentional cue. Jun 3, 2017 · The beneficial effect of valid compared ...

Facial expressions, gestures, and eye gaze are often identified as t

The spatial cueing paradigm is a popular tool to investigate under what conditions irrelevant objects capture attention against the observer’s intention. In this paradigm, finding better visual search performance when the target appears at the location of an irrelevant cue is taken to indicate that this cue summoned attention to its location, before the search display appeared. Here, we ...of attention, and of intermediate level during validly cued endogenous orienting of attention, no matter the motor response workload demanded by the latter, especially over the left hemisphere. Hypoxia induced an increase in alpha power over the right-sided occipital and parietal scalp areas independent of attention cueing and conflict conditions.Heeren A, Maurage P, Philippot P. Revisiting attentional processing of non-emotional cues in social anxiety: a specific impairment for the orienting network of attention. Psychiatry Res. 2015;228: ...Aug 1, 2019 · These sets of results showed that unconscious guidance of attention is susceptible to attentional control settings. Similarly, Mulckhuyse, Talsma, and Theeuwes [ 38] also showed that cues presented subliminally can exogenously capture attention. A single grey circle presented for 16 ms served as the subliminal cue. 8 Şub 2019 ... The research into attentional focus shows us-if we are cueing our patients the “wrong” way…we might as well not cue them at all!Adults who are deaf have been shown to have better visual attentional orienting than those with typical hearing, especially when the target is located in the periphery of the visual field. However, most studies in this population have assessed exogenous visual attention orienting (bottom-up processing of external cues) rather …We investigated whether symbolic endogenous attentional cues affect perceptual accuracy and reaction time (RT) via different cognitive and neural processes. We recorded magnetoencephalography in 19 humans while they performed a cued somatosensory discrimination task in which the cue–target interval was varied between 0 and 1000 ms.concentration is the ability to maintain focus on relevant environmental cues. When the environment changes rapidly, attentional focus must also change rapidly. Thinking of the past oe the future raises irrelevant cues that often lead to performance errors.Apr 1, 2023 · In pre-cue tasks, cues are presented before the encoding period and reduce the memory load, confusing the retrieval of pure attentional effects. However, in retro-cue tasks, retro-cues are presented during retention and obtain cleaner attentional effects, which involves top-down executive control on WM representations. Billiards is a traditional tabletop game played with balls, sticks called cues and a specialized table. Pool is a common nickname for the game pocket billiards. These two games use similar hardware but are different due to the objectives of...With rapidly developing technology, visual cues became a powerful tool for deliberate guiding of attention and affecting human performance. Using cues to manipulate attention introduces a trade-off between increased performance in cued, and decreased in not cued, locations. For higher efficacy of visual cues designed to purposely direct user’s …If the attentional cue is ambiguous or lacks salience, the child is required to spend some of his or her limited information processing capacity to disambiguate the cue, which in turn leaves the child with fewer cognitive resources to establish or sustain attention to an object. Conversely, if the parent attentional cue is very salient, then ...compare with other attentional cues, in Experiments 3, 4, and 5, by contrasting the probability cue against a stan- dard explicit arrow cue and a salient exogenous flash.Aims Attentional bias for drug-related cues has been associated with drug maintenance and relapse. We investigated whether attentional bias for smoking-related stimuli could be altered using a modified visual probe task in cigarette smokers. We also sought to determine whether changes in attentional bias were associated with changes …Interestingly, studies of blocking by salient cues in associative learning (Denton and Kruschke, 2006; Le Pelley et al., 2014) and attentional capture by cues of high valence (Hickey et al., 2010; Anderson et al., 2011) lend support to the idea that a centrally presented cue that is highly salient, as compared to cues of less salience, leads to ...attentional cueing, and social cognition with a novel ecological task, “EcoSupermarketX.” Our task had three blocks of increasing executive load and incorporated social and non-social cues ...Others’ gaze direction and traffic arrow signal lights play significant roles in guiding observers’ attention in daily life. Previous studies have shown that gaze and arrow cues can direct attention to the cued location. However, it is ambiguous where gaze and arrow cues guide attention: the cued location or a broader cued region. Therefore, the …Each circle was 1.5° in diameter and were presented 4° above the attentional cue; inner disks were 4.9° and outer disks were 10° left and right of the attentional cue. The attentional cue lasted for 1 second, and 650 milliseconds after this cue disappeared, the circles in each pair started to move towards each other downwards diagonally (i ...SPATIAL CUES AND MICROSACCADE DIRECTION 685 metry, if w x (a mild boundary condition by no means implying that x .5), then the selection on valid-cue tri- als will be dominated by cases in which attention is at the cued target, but microsaccades do not follow attention. Importantly, “attentional mistake” cases as defined byInterestingly, studies of blocking by salient cues in associative learning (Denton and Kruschke, 2006; Le Pelley et al., 2014) and attentional capture by cues of high valence (Hickey et al., 2010; Anderson et al., 2011) lend support to the idea that a centrally presented cue that is highly salient, as compared to cues of less salience, leads to ...The attention directed to textual cues in the initial FOV is much higher than the attention directed to textual cues outside the initial FOV. Adding visual cues can effectively direct attention to textual cues outside the initial FOV and alleviate the imbalance of attention distribution.Search life-sciences literature (Over 40 million articles, preprints and more)The attentional network test (ANT) uses flanker stimuli with different cue conditions to quantify differences in attentional processing. However, it is unclear precisely how the alerting and orienting cues in the task affect different decision processes. There’s no doubt about it: New York City’s Central Park is impressive. An 840-acre slab of green space, right in the heart of Manhattan. But while Central Park may be the most famous of urban parks, that doesn’t mean it’s the only one worth...Retrieval cues (5.5) Memory distortion (5.6) Apply. By reading and thinking about how the concepts in Module 5 apply to real life, you should be able to: ... For example, you should pay attention to patterns and relationships and their significance, rather than just the words or numbers themselves.Here, non-attentional sensory effects were controlled and the remaining effects matched closely the purely attentional effects measured by a cueing paradigm. Using these controls, set-size effects ...For those that need a refresher, broadly speaking, there are 2 types of attentional focus cues - internal and external: Internal: Bringing attention / focus to a body part or segment (ex: focusing on your wrist position at contact). External: Bringing attention / focus to something in the environment (ex: hitting past a target, like the service ...1997). MEG data were then analyzed with respect to the attentional cue (cue-locked) and response onset (movement-locked) individually to evaluate the oscillatory dynamics associated with attentional reor-ientation and movement selection, respectively. To evaluate the higher order responses involved in attentional reorientation, the con-.Apr 16, 2020 · Essentially, the artificial systems are using feedforward image information to internally generate top-down attentional signals rather than being given the top-down information in the form of a cue. That being said, some artificial systems do allow for externally-cued feature attention. Associative learning theories assume the amount of attention to a cue depends on the “predictive value” of the cue, that is, how well that cue predicted important events in the past. Several theories assume that attention to the cue increases with the predictive value of the cue and decreases when the cue is a poor or unreliable predictor ...Furniture plays a crucial role in transforming a house into a home. Whether you are moving into a new place or looking to give your current space a facelift, furniture is an essential element that can enhance the aesthetics and functionalit...Comparing behavioral and neural measures, we show that (1) attentional cueing affects accuracy and RT with different time courses and (2) the time course of our neural …It's increasingly easy to ignore what's around us at any given point and pay attention instead to our phones, computers, or other gadgets. However, as novelist Jonathan Safran Foer reminds us in an essay for The New York Times, paying atten...LWWOct 28, 2021 · Specifically, the attentional bias emerged in favour of the previous best-predicting reward cue, would not be due to an associative link between cue and reward, but because during conditioning the more a cue was predictive of reward the more it was attended and responded to (Failing & Theeuwes, 2017a, 2017b; Sha & Jiang, 2016). However, if this ... The attention test was confirmed to be more sensitive to the cue than the direct cue-localization task was. We further showed that these attention effects were absent for 50-Hz chromatic flicker. These results provide strong direct evidence against a privileged role of mid- band in unconscious attention, but are consistent with known cortical ...Nov 1, 2021 · Apply It! • Explore how attentional focused cues affect performance based on exercise modality and intensity. • Identify how and when to apply cues that target internal or external focus to ... Second, the effects of smoking cues on smokers' attention observed in the attentional blink task were similar to those of sports cues on sports enthusiasts' attention. Specifically, at lag 3, when the attentional blink should be near its peak, sports enthusiasts showed a larger blink for T2s following neutral T1s than for those following sports ...Thus, group-based cue selection is an advanced attentional selection mechanism that dynamically tracks individual social cues, integrates pieces of individual and group social information to ...Dec 21, 2021 · The results identified that attentional deficits in intellectual disability are overall more pronounced in top-down rather than in bottom-up processing, but with different magnitudes across cue types: The auditory or tactile endogenous cues were much less effective than the visual endogenous cue in the intellectual disability group. While over the years researchers have used different variants of this task, a typical sequence of events remains the same: After the presentation of an attentional cue, a target requiring a response is shown at either the cued location or an uncued location after a time delay usually ranging from 100–1000 ms (i.e., cue-target interval).Aims Attentional bias for drug-related cues has been associated with drug maintenance and relapse. We investigated whether attentional bias for smoking-related stimuli could be altered using a modified visual probe task in cigarette smokers. We also sought to determine whether changes in attentional bias were associated with changes …Social Orienting and Joint Attention. Social orienting is a rapid, involuntary, attentional shift towards a social cue. An example is an attentional shift in the direction of another’s eye gaze (Frischen et al. 2007).This occurs in observers without ASC, or neurotypical (NT) observers even when the direction of the gaze is not predictive of the …Jun 21, 2022 · In the presence of a peripheral cue, an attentional signal (dark grey signal) modulates the post-retinal sustained response produced by the first flashed stimulus (S1). The effect is an enhancement of the activity in the post-retinal parvocellular stream (blue-outlined sustained response in Fig. 8). Through the inter-channel inhibition between ... Most commonly, attentional focus cues have been categorized by whether they direct attention internally or externally. This distinction has come tobe operationalized as directing attention either toward the control of the movement (internally) or toward the effects of the movement (externally) ( Wulf and Prinz, 2001 ).Teacher John B. says, “We have a school wide attention signal. We are the Giunta Giants. The adult says Giun-ta and two claps. Students say Gi-ants and two claps.” Tanya M. says, “Call the name of your school and they respond back with the mascot name.” Betsy M. shares this one: “Teacher: Warriors Believe!!! Students: Warriors Achieve!Aug 1, 2019 · These sets of results showed that unconscious guidance of attention is susceptible to attentional control settings. Similarly, Mulckhuyse, Talsma, and Theeuwes [ 38] also showed that cues presented subliminally can exogenously capture attention. A single grey circle presented for 16 ms served as the subliminal cue. Critically, we show that the attentional benefits scale with the target probabilities. Because most participants were aware of the regularities present in the display we cannot exclude the possibility that the current findings can be explained by top-down, knowledge-based orienting similar to attentional orienting in a Posner-like cueing task.SPATIAL CUES AND MICROSACCADE DIRECTION 685 metry, if w x (a mild boundary condition by no means implying that x .5), then the selection on valid-cue tri- als will be dominated by cases in which attention is at the cued target, but microsaccades do not follow attention. Importantly, “attentional mistake” cases as defined byRecent research has tested whether Eye Movement Modeling Examples (EMMEs) can effectively cue attention and improve learning. However, the effects of EMMEs are variable, and the degree to which viewers follow these cues remains unclear. In the current paper, we compared screen-captured instructional videos that included an …Attention skills are important because we need them to carry out most daily tasks and to communicate effectively. Individuals with a brain injury and reduced attention skills can put themselves in danger when they participate in certain tasks such as driving. We use different types of attention skills to carry out our daily tasks: Sustained ...(1999) with counterpredictive gaze cues indicate that at a short. SOA of 300 ms, attention is oriented reflexively to the gazed-at location even when subjects ...In contrast to crossmodal presentations, studies of bimodal spatial cueing have been conducted to investigate the combined effects of attentional cues presented simultanesouly in two sensory modalities (e.g., a visual-auditory cue).The attentional network test (ANT) uses flanker stimuli with different cue conditions to quantify differences in attentional processing. However, it is unclear precisely how the alerting and orienting cues in the task affect different decision processes.In addition, by manipulating the color of attentional cues, our experiment shows that the cue color per se could influence participants’ response patterns. Overall, the current study suggests that attentional status and subliminal semantic processing can be reliably revealed by temporal–spatial features extracted from cursor motion ...Nov 1, 2020 · Any neural response or overt performance benefits (e.g., a fMRI activation and/or greater ERPs as well as a motor response facilitation) for cued targets are attributed to the cue's ability to direct attention, with the time course of attentional orienting effects revealed by the change in the processing profile across the cue-target intervals ... The attention test was confirmed to be more sensitive to the cue than the direct cue-localization task was. We further showed that these attention effects were absent for 50-Hz chromatic flicker. These results provide strong direct evidence against a privileged role of mid- band in unconscious attention, but are consistent with known cortical ...We investigated whether symbolic endogenous attentional cues affect perceptual accuracy and reaction time (RT) via different cognitive and neural processes. We recorded magnetoencephalography in 19 humans while they performed a cued somatosensory discrimination task in which the cue–target interval was varied between 0 and 1000 ms.Billiards is a traditional tabletop game played with balls, sticks called cues and a specialized table. Pool is a common nickname for the game pocket billiards. These two games use similar hardware but are different due to the objectives of...In contrast to crossmodal presentations, studies of bimodal spatial cueing have been conducted to investigate the combined effects of attentional cues presented simultanesouly in two sensory modalities (e.g., a visual-auditory cue).Facial expressions, gestures, and eye gaze are often identified as the three major types of body language, but other aspects such as posture and personal distance can also be used to convey information. Understanding body language is important, but it is also essential to pay attention to other cues such as context.. Summary. In this Element, a framework is proposed in which it The results identified that attentional deficits in in Attentional focus, in the context of sport and exercise performance, refers to the process in which the athlete allocates mental resources to cues, stimuli, or states. Attentional focus is commonly classified along one or more dimensions. Nideffer (1976) proposed two dimensions of direction (internal or external) and width (broad or narrow). Aug 25, 2020 · The difference in the use and effectiveness of these Attention skills are important because we need them to carry out most daily tasks and to communicate effectively. Individuals with a brain injury and reduced attention skills can put themselves in danger when they participate in certain tasks such as driving. We use different types of attention skills to carry out our daily tasks: Sustained ... Aug 31, 2023 · In addition, by manipulati...

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